Money is needed for standards creation and testing, and for major investments in roadway systems for electrification, communication and renewable power production. These investments will eventually generate substantial revenue from tolling, electricity sales and telecommunications services.
Technical standards are needed to enable diverse companies to produce vehicles and systems compatible with the interstate 2.0 systems, including electricity supply and on-road vehicle connections, platoon and roadway communication, and renewable energy design specifications.
An increasing number of electric cars and trucks are being commercialized today. Many experts believe that electric vehicles will largely replace internal combustion vehicles in 20-30 years. Future electric vehicles will need to optimize on-highway electricity supply in their designs.
Most of the Interstate 2.0 technologies have been demonstrated in tests or pilot uses. However, additional testing is required for on-highway electricity supply at high speed for passenger cars, for platoon and highway communication at high speed, and for solar PV production over vehicle lanes.
The current business model is publicly owned-roadways paid for by fuel taxes, petroleum company fuel supply and personally owned vehicles. In future, all of these traditional models might change. Vehicles might be owned by large private companies, like Uber. On-highway power might be provided by a utility company leasing ROW for its solar power facilities. Roadways might be built, owed and operated by tolling companies.
We can't convert the entire US Interstate system to the new standards all at once. But we can start in important corridors, such as: California, between LA and San Fransisco, then up to Seattle; Texas between Austin, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio; along I-95 on the eastern seaboard, and along I-40. These roads have heavy traffic and will prove initial revenues to help fund additional expansion in the rest of the system.